How to set up your own private RTMP server using nginx

How to set up your own private RTMP server using nginx

Thanks for the guide!

Here's my problem: I need to stream sports events to youtube, the camera we're using outputs to hdmi, we use an elgato usb capture device to encode the video feed and outputs it via usb to a computer. Than we grab that encoded feed with OBS and stream it to youtube. Except that the camera needs to be close to the computer (due to hdmi cable length limitations) and we'd like to put the camera farther away from the computer...

Using a raspberry and a usb capture device, would it be possible to stream to the computer over wifi or ethernet?

Something like this:
camera > usb capture card > raspberry > network > computer > youtube
Great guide but for some reason I'm running into the same issue as another. When I stream my CPU usage goes just as high as when I'm streaming normally to twitch.
I couldn't get this to work because I was using a network bridge, but my friend who wasn't got his to work fine. I guess just keep that inmind if you're doing this.
Thanks for writing this, it got me fairly far. However it does assume a bit of prior knowledge. I've used Linux before, but not extensively.
I found out that I needed to install unzip. I had to Google that. For newbies, it would be good to include this line before unzipping:
sudo apt-get install zip unzip

Also for the initial line:
sudo apt-get install build-essential libpcre3 libpcre3-dev libssl-dev
I got loads of 404 errors. That's apparently because some of the paths are old. I Googled and found that the following worked:

apt-get update && install build-essential libpcre3 libpcre3-dev libssl-dev

Not sure why!

However, when I got to the end and added to the config file and tried to stream to it from OBS I just got server not found.

I used something similar to this:
rtmp {
listen 1935;
chunk_size 4096;

application live {
live on;
record off;
push rtmp://[streamkeyfromtwitch];
push rtmp://[streamkeyfromyoutube];

and streamed to rtmp://(My-IP)/live

Any thoughts on how I can debug this. I really don't like it when things don't work!
Good stuff to deal with ISP oversea speed throttle and lower down resource use.

There is a way to add stream key for OBS (to rtmp server)?
I'm using a VPS and this VPS also running my small website.
I'm afraid of someone will know my VPS public IP (since it can be discover by reverse website IP).
Since OBS didn't support proxy/socks so I can't tunnel to VPS to make a local proxy/socks and using block all IP from using RTMP protocol except localhost.
can i use this method to lower my cpu usage ? when i stream on my pc my cpu blows up and stream stops randomly from obs , so i was thinking maybe i can let my rasperi board handle streaming part
You have done something wrong when it comes to installing the RTMP modules, if anyone is getting an error when configuring the RTMP config file do this >> ./configure --with-http_ssl_module --add-module=../nginx-rtmp-module-dev << As you can see, I changed the 'module' at the end to 'dev' as you are no longer downloading but Hope this helps some people!
Looks like that was one more spot I missed when I did the update a couple weeks ago, thanks for the catch. Sorry about that.
I think this guide is outdated.
It mentions version 1.15.1 at the top, then asks us do download a file, and then extracting a file, that we haven't been intructed to download. And after that it wants us to go to a folder named nginx-1.13.1, which doesn't exist, because we downloaded the 1.15.1.

If I extract the 1.15.1 file and the, the installation in the next steps fails.
same if I download the 1.13.1 file and, although I get a different error.

I'm using ubuntu in windows.
Hi Popupkiller,

I missed a couple spots when I recently updated the guide for a newer version, thanks. The correct files are nginx-1.15.1.tar.gz for nginx and for the rtmp module.
I have the same issue as
"BreakTV 5.00 star(s) Jan 25, 2018
When i start the nginx via cmd nothing hapends and when i type my ip adress in my broswer to test the server the page doesn't load...."

Now when i run nginx without adding rtmp code at the bottom of the conf file, nginx runs and can be found on web browser - localhost.

Only after i edit the conf file and add the rtmp code, nginx does not run anymore and server cannot be found as localhost in web browser.
what am i doing wrong pls?

When i start the nginx via cmd nothing hapends and when i type my ip adress in my broswer to test the server the page doesn't load....
Amazing guide and a powerful way to multistream with Obs Studio. Excellent! Anyone having trouble with YouTube container format I posted a solution in the discussion
Everything works great! However Youtube is giving me a RED stream status with the error: "Please change the video's container format. The current container format is not correct for this configuration." This seems to be a 'badContainer' error, any ideas why and how to fix? I would like a GREEN status in Youtube!
Great post! I was able to follow it and within a short period of time I have built a Docker-based solution to stream content via HLS protocol and consume it in a web application using video.js library. Here is my GitHub repo
Thanks to you were able to stream our whole gaming event at school.
Twenty PC's on one server and it works fine, not on an raspberry pi but on a normal PC and of cures an 1gbit lan.
With the push function and a rented vserver streaming on multiple platforms was also no problem, one stream out to the rtmp on the vserver and than with 10gbit up to the web.
Super easy to follow, got me out of a hole. Thanks so much.
THis is fantastic. Thank you very much for the post. Quick question do you know if there is a way to buffer the frames for the stream? Say if you have slow internet the frames get uploaded. Yeah i understand there would be a bigger delay but is this possiable?
Works great. Set up a Docker version of it (see ), so installing Docker (`sudo apt-get install`) and running `sudo docker run -dp 1935:1935 dvdgiessen/nginx-rtmp-docker` should do everything.
This got me set up easily way back!! It mad my stream quality amazing. I am having trouble now I have upgraded to windows 10. I cant seem to push to the server any more. I get a "Could not access the specified channel or stream key, please double check your stream key. If it is correct, there may be a problem contacting the server" error. I know my IP/Port are correct as if I try any other port through OBS I get an instant failure to connect. Using the ip and set port in my config file is the only connection attempt that returns that error. Any suggestions? I'm pulling my hair out.
This was really simple to set up. Although, having issues with timing and keyframe intervals. Twitch and Youtube keep complaining odd timing.